Informe de industria: Distribución y explotación
MEDIA Salles: Asistencia al cine en Europa: -1.8% en 2013, pero con algunos mercados creciendo
- Los datos revelan una bajada de audiencia en Europa Occidental, mientras que Centroeuropa, Europa del Este y el Mediterráneo cierran el año con un aumento del 6.6%
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In movie theatres situated in the 35 countries reported by MEDIA Salles, from Iceland to Russia, and from Portugal to Turkey, audiences in 2013 amounted to 1,158.5 million, with a 1.8% drop compared to the 1,179.8 million in 2012.
This decrease does not mean that the situation is the same everywhere, since, whilst the 19 countries in Western Europe – decreasing from 881.7 million in 2012 to 840.8 million in 2013 – record a higher drop than the average for the Continent, (-4.6%), the 16 in Central and Eastern Europe and the Mediterranean Rim closed the year with a 6.6% increase in admissions and a total of 317.7 million tickets sold, compared to the 298.1 million in 2012.
A lack of homogeneity in these results also emerges within the two macro-regions.
In Western Europe, which, for the second year running has recorded a drop in audiences, there is a prevalence of territories with a negative trend – though this varies in extent from country to country.
Amongst them are large markets like the United Kingdom (-4%); Germany, where – after a flattering 2012 – a dip of 4.5% has been estimated; France, which after losing 5.3% of spectators, comes to a halt just under the 200-million threshold; and Spain, where another decidedly negative result (-15%) adds to a series of decreases and closes 2013 with around 80 million spectators, setting it back to the same figures that it had in the early years of the 1990s. According to Spanish players, the increase in VAT from 8% to 21% in mid-2012 has played a major role in bringing about this decrease.
Considerable drops in audiences have also been recorded in Greece (-12%), in Austria (-10.6%), in Sweden (-9.7%) and in Portugal (-9.4%).
Less dramatic decreases can be seen in markets such as Switzerland, where the estimates suggest 8%; Finland, which, after a record 2012, lost 6.9%; Ireland (-5%); Iceland (-5.3%); and Luxembourg (-3.9%).
Norway managed to keep the dip down to 2.7% thanks partly to the excellent results obtained by domestic movies (+24% compared to 2012). Denmark remains basically stable (-0.2%), whilst Belgium and the Netherlands see slight increases (+0.5% and +0.8%, respectively).
A market that has moved decidedly against the trend is Italy, recording growth estimated at around 6%, bringing it up to more than 100 million tickets sold.
Central and Eastern Europe and the Mediterranean Rim
Although in Western Europe there is a prevalence of countries with a negative trend, in Central and Eastern Europe and on the Mediterranean Rim, the number of countries showing a negative figure is equal to those with a positive one.
Amongst the former are Cyprus (-20%), probably due to a more general economic crisis; Slovenia (-16.1%); Serbia (-9.3%); Malta, which recorded its third consecutive drop, estimated at 7% in 2013; Poland (-5.6%); and Croatia, which, after a record year, moved backwards by 3.5%. The Czech Republic and Estonia limited their decreases to a mere hiccup of -1%.
On the side of the increases come Hungary, with a growth rate estimated at 2%; Latvia (+3.9%); Slovakia (+4.8%); Lithuania (+6.8%); and Bulgaria, which, after growing by 16.7%, has approached the five-million-spectator mark, further improving on its excellent 2011 result.
Separate comment is reserved for Romania, Turkey and Russia, which continue with a series of positive results lasting over several years.
Romania grew by 13.8%, recording its eighth consecutive increase, bringing it from the 2.8 million tickets sold in 2006 to 9.5 million in 2013.
With a 14.7% rise, Turkey crossed the 50-million-spectator threshold (there were around 30 million in 2007), whilst Russia, adding 14 million to its 2012 result, overtook the United Kingdom to become the second-biggest European market in terms of admissions.
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