Bank secrecy and revolutionaries
by Emmanuel Cuénod
- The Genevan filmmaker tells Cineuropa about making Operation Libertad, his fake documentary selected for the Directors' Fortnight.
Genevan filmmaker Nicolas Wadimoff's very first fiction film, Operation Libertad [+see also:
interview: Nicolas Wadimoff
film profile] , has made it to the Directors' Fortnight in Cannes. Here, he discusses making this fake documentary about a group of Swiss revolutionaries at the end of the 1970s.
Cineuropa: Your last films were documentaries. What brought you back to fiction?
Nicolas Wadimoff: I work in an interrelated way. After two documentaries, I start to feel limited. My desire to put forward a vision, to organise it, becomes an obstacle to my love, as real as it is, for documentary. So I return to fiction. But there too, there is a pendulum effect. As soon as I feel that I am moving too far away from reality, I need to return to it, in one way or another.
Operation Libertad's form reflects this ambivalence. It's a fiction film that looks like a documentary.
Operation Libertad is indeed the film that most shows this tendency. When Jacob Berger and I worked on the script, we played with this ambivalence. Le film was also shot with an energy similar to that of a documentary. You can also see this in the actors' performances. It's almost not acting. It's almost the actors giving the characters bodily form, rather than them playing a role.
This also allows you to distance yourself from the traditional rules for fiction...
In traditional fiction, the bar is always extremely high in terms of screenplay requirements. Yet, there is nothing worse than profiling oneself in a genre and then not being able to subscribe to it, not being able to make your own mark in it. I'm not saying that I made Operation Libertad by default because I would rather have made Usual Suspects. That's not it. Simply, wanting to make films in Switzerland is already a strange idea, so dreaming of films with great budgets, complex plots, and tons of comedians would only mean one thing: wasting time.
So you have become more sensitive to a project's feasibility?
Switzerland has space for many other kinds of projects. Sure, with Operation Libertad, I felt especially in tune with the context I live and make films in. It tells our country's story. In it, we touch on bank secrecy, collusions between the Swiss financial system and dictatorships. From a purely pragmatic point of view, we knew that we could make this film here. Cast, budget, production outfit: it was all coherent with the reality of the Swiss film sector.
Let's come back to the film's subject. Where does it come from?
For three years, I worked on a project that was first about an alternative, then a utopia, then an insurrection. The story was set today, and I think I can safely say that I drove two screenwriters to exhaustion trying to make it work. Then, slowly, I started to think about making something in documentary form. I spoke about it to Jacob Berger, who had this idea of a guy who would film, and whose images someone would find. To make it more credible, we decided that the story would be set in the 1970s, at a time when such events could have happened.
How did you research the period?
The screenplay first and foremost comes from meetings, knowledge, and experience. Our own experiences are a little staggered in time: Jacob and I knew the Geneva squat scene very well, but at the beginning of the 1980s. I was involved in the autonomous movement, which was quite radical. In 1994, I also made a documentary for the show Temps présent (lit. "Present time") about the Swiss who had known Carlos. I have stayed in good terms with the film's characters and they were a great inspiration for Operation Libertad.
Your film's subject is not innocent. Your work is about resistance, struggle. Where does this recurrence come from?
I have never managed to detach an individual's issues from those of the world around him. There are people -- filmmakers -- who do this very well. Their business is human relations, psychological or introspective dramas. But, to me, a certain social climate, social issues, are very important both in my life and in my films. How can you break away from your [social] condition? It's probably the question I think about the most.
How did you react to your film being selected for Cannes?
I will not spoil my pleasure. For a long time, I did not give enough importance to recognition via selections and awards. It got the better of me. As I came from a very alternative, anti-media, anti-recognition, and very resistant scene, when Clandestins was released and won awards, I didn't really know what to think about it. Today, I know that such recognition serves the film and allows you to impose even more daring topics.